Natural heritage is the legacy of natural objects and intangible attributes encompassing the countryside and natural environment, including flora and fauna, scientifically known as biodiversity, and geology and landforms (geodiversity).
Heritage is that which is inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future generations. The term "natural heritage", derived from "natural inheritance", pre-dates the term "biodiversity", though it is a less scientific term and more easily comprehended in some ways by the wider audience interested in conservation biology.
An important site of natural heritage or cultural heritage can be listed as a National Heritage Site by the National Heritage Council on behalf of the government or as a World Heritage Site by the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO. The National Heritage Council catalogues, names, and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of Namibia (or humanity in the case of UNESCO). Currently Namibia has 119 sites declared as National Heritage Sites, many of which are Natural Heritage sites and these include Twyvelfontein, Brandberg, Petrified Forest etc. On the world stage, As of 2006, there are 830 World Heritage Sites: 644 cultural, 162 natural, and 24 mixed properties, in 138 countries.
Namibia enjoys a wealth of international tourist traffic a significant portion is attributed to interest in Natural heritage sites. The National Heritage Council is uniquely placed to serve the people of community through the establishment of conservancies that allow local communities to enjoy the benefits tourism Namibia while helping bring revenue in the nation’s coffers.